Low Income Home Energy Assistance Program

The Low Income Home Energy Assistance Program (LIHEAP) is a federal program that helps low income households pay for heating and/or cooling their homes. LIHEAP's goal is to make home energy more affordable for the two groups of low income households that have highest energy needs:

  • Households which include older individuals, people with disabilities, and very young children. These households face significant health risks without adequate heating or cooling in the home.
  • Households with high energy burdens, including those households with the lowest incomes and highest energy costs. These households face safety risks in heating or cooling their homes if they cannot pay their heating and/or cooling bills.

LIHEAP is not intended to cover a household's entire energy costs. It is limited to assisting in paying for heating and cooling costs (and in some cases, the cost of water heating, refrigeration and cooking). It does not pay for electricity used for other appliances, such as lights.

The amount of help that you may receive through LIHEAP will depend upon where you live, your income, your heating or cooling costs, your family size, and certain other factors.

Depending on where you live, LIHEAP may provide the following services:

  • Heating or cooling funds (i.e. fuel subsidies) to increase the affordability of home energy;
  • Energy crisis intervention to assist weather-related and fuel supply shortages and other household energy-related emergencies, such as utility shutoffs; and/or
  • Low-cost residential weatherization and other energy-related home repairs to safely increase the efficiency of a home's use of energy, thereby lowering utility bills and making homes more comfortable.

LIHEAP applications, eligibility, assistance and level of benefits vary amongst states and local regions. You must apply with your State, Indian tribe or tribal organization, or Insular area for help. For more information on where to apply in your area, visit the LIHEAP Contact List.

You can also contact the National Energy Assistance Referral (NEAR) project for list of local LIHEAP program providers. NEAR can be contacted by e-mail at (please include your city, county and state along with your e-mail message), or by using the toll-free phone number 1-866-674-6327.